A City Is Born: The History Of Dublin Ireland
Dublin, Ireland earned a reputation for its breathtaking beauty, warming friendliness, unique culture, and explosive social events. Dublin was officially established in 988 A.D. Scholars debate whether it existed since the second century, because of records showing its development as a city when it was named Eblana. In fact, ancient artifacts, wall structures, and buildings reveal the earliest records of the Norman Vikings settlement before its capture by the Danes during the 9th century. An upheaval ensued by Irish insurrectionists that overwhelmed the Danes on several occasions over the course of three centuries. The Anglo-Normans finally ousted the Danes in 1171 with the leadership of Henry the Second, King of England.
For most of the 17th century, Dublin remained an isolated medieval city with an erected wall that kept out intruders. Dublin overcame a decimation of its populace during the mid-16th century, and emerged with an expansive growth during the Protestant refugee movement at the end of the 17th century. Over the course of the next century, Dublin expanded its overall prosperity and became the second city of the British Empire. Additionally, the increasing wealth made Dublin an alluring city for the Protestant Ascendancy, the former Anglo-Irish aristocracy who denied the local Roman Catholics their civil rights. However, England and Ireland signed the Act of Union into effect in 1800. The Act of Union abolished the Irish Parliament, which reduced the city's status. The city would not regain its composure until it claimed independence in 1922 after a 1916 uprising and subsequent War of Independence, which led to the Irish free state.
Dublin became the political, economic, and cultural center of Ireland after claiming its independence. Among these new state-sponsored roles included the re-location of Ireland's government body, Dail Eireann, which assembled in Leinster House, Dublin. In addition, the Four Courts, Ireland's judicatory seating, and the Custom House all contributed to Dublin's late 18th century architectural development. Both buildings accrued indirect damages during the Civil War; however, modern-day renovations have restored both structures to their previous glory.
The Dublin Castle was rebuilt and accentuated Georgian-style during the 18th century. It served as the seat of English authority until 1922. Newly elected Ireland presidents report to the Dublin Castle for their inauguration ceremony. The Christ Church and Saint Patrick's Cathedral served as the centerpiece for Ireland's protestant movement. In fact, both cathedrals existed during the Viking conquest and settlement period. Afterward, the Anglo-Norman invaders rebuilt both cathedrals after seizing control of the city around the 12th and early 13th centuries. The Parliament House, also known as the Bank of Ireland in College Green, has origins dating back to the 18th century. It also faced Georgian-style renovations during the 19th century.
Follow these links to learn a little more about Dublin, Ireland:
- Index for History and Antiquities of Dublin: A comprehensive book detailing the historical and antiquities developments of Dublin, Ireland from the earliest recorded accounts.
- History of Dublin: An extensive historical breakdown of Dublin, Ireland starting from its pre-urban existence to the twentieth century expansion.
- Gerald of Wales: The Norman Conquest of Ireland (12th Century): Gerald Wales leaves an account of the Norman Conquest of Ireland during the 12th century. The Normal Conquest was sparked by the rogue lords who marched in independence of the crown.
- The Castles of Ireland: The Irish castles were formidable, permanent structures of varying size, style, building materials, and defensive functionality.
- In a Short Time There Were None Almost Left: The Success and Failure of the Tudor Conquest (PDF): An abstract paper written to summarize the late 16th and early 17th centuries in Dublin, Ireland, including a detailed analysis of the Tudor Conquest, which ended in the reestablishment of administrative duties once operational in Dublin.
- Guinness Storehouse Historical Timeline: Guinness draft heralds as one of the world’s finest beers, and it originated in Dublin, Ireland during the early 17th century.
- Black Death: The Black Plague spread throughout Europe during the mid-1300s.
- Viking Attacks: A chronological list of major military attacks, settlements, and explorations launched by the Vikings, including the Dublin capture in 840.
- Dublin City Council: Facts about Dublin City: Pertinent facts about Dublin City, Ireland, including an emphasis on the physical area, geography, climate, population, employers, and twin cities.
- Celtic Musicians: Ireland: A comprehensive list of Celtic musicians from Ireland, including Altan, Anam, Anuna, Arcady, Chieftains, Churlua, Cran, Jimmy Crowley, Martin Hayes, Kila, Nightnoise, Nomos, Sharon Shannon, Sweeney’s Men, Waterboys, and Freddie White.
- Dublin Ireland: First Person Co-Op: A student from Rochester Institute of Technology (R.I.T.) vacations to Dublin, Ireland, and lists his personal favorite restaurants, pubs, and entertainment venues.
- A History of Irish Cuisine: A lecture presented by John Linnane on the history of Irish cuisine, including its food production from the introduction of the potato in its culture.
- A History of Viking Dublin: A brief history detailing how the Vikings affected the overall development of Dublin, Ireland.
- The Theatre Royal, Hawkins Street, Dublin, Ireland: A historical account of the Theater Royal, Hawkins Street, and its role as one of the main attractions in Dublin, Ireland.
- Majestic Castles in Ireland: A tourist perspective on the castles scattered throughout Ireland.
- Irish Facts: A website clarifying many misconceptions about Ireland, especially involving its government and varying forms of politics.
- Irish Immigration Facts: An educational website providing statistical data regarding immigration to and fro Ireland.
- Ireland in the 1950s and early 1960s: An extensive resource guide to discovering Irish culture during the 1950s and early 1960s, including its politics, culture, organizations, key individuals, and major events.
- Travel to Dublin, Ireland: A brief profile of the various foods that resonate with Dublin, Ireland.
- Ireland: A comprehensive profile of Ireland covering factual data related to its geography, people, government, and economy.
- The Great Hunger and Irish Immigration to America (PDF): An authoritative document providing in-depth explanations into the great potato feminine that caused the vast numbers to immigrate to America.
- Ireland:CIA - The World Factbook: The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) provides extensive sections on Ireland, including a general introduction, geography, people and society, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, and international issues.
- A Brief History of Ireland (PDF): A reading comprehension exercise that provides a brief historical background on Ireland, and then lists a series of multiple choice and fill-in-the-blank exercises at the end of the document.
- The History of Ireland (PDF): The self-titled book by Geoffrey Keating guides readers to learning an in-depth historical background of Ireland.